Mhamid Elghizlane’s Sahara Desert And Population.
What does Mhamid Elghizlane mean?
Mhamid means a kind of land and Elghizlane means
M’Hamid El Ghizlane is an oasis town of about 7,500 close to the Algerian border .M’Hamid lies at an altitude of about 500 meters above sea level.
History of Mhamid
About the early history of the place is little is known because of the lack of written records. The spacious palm oases, however, make early settlement support (about 3000 BC) likely. Due to the growth of the desert, the settlement is threatened since the 2nd half of the 20th century by siltation, and the population is declining steadily. Until the end of the 1980s, a special permit was required to enter the area because it is close to the strategically important border with Algeria. Even today, many soldiers stationed in the area of Mhamid.
The people of M’Hamid lived according to the principles of self-sufficiency for hundreds of years but due to reduced or even absent winter rains since the 1970s agriculture provided and less income and was abandoned almost entirely. In addition, a fungal disease (Fusarium oxysporum) has significantly affected the date palms which were already weakened by the drought.
Mhamid is a mixture of different kind of people settled a long time ago
there are more than three kinds ” Drawa’ and ” Arib” and “Amazigh”0